var checkOK = "0123456789-.,"; Viscosity Property of a liquid that resists any force tending to produce flow. We can derive the specific gravity of this product by dividing 8.08 pounds by the weight of a gallon of water, which is 8.33 pounds at sea level and at room temperature. Molar Specific Heat Capacity at Constant Volume, Molar Specific Heat Capacity at Constant Pressure. When calculating the specific gravity of a gas, you take the density of the gas at standard temperature and pressure and compare it to air under the same conditions. So, 8.08 pounds of FFB divided by 8.33 pounds of water creates a specific gravity of 0.97. } Other instruments to measure specific gravity are the Pycnometer, and digital density meters based on oscillating U-tubes. gallon. allNum += ch; Calculating Density in Pounds per Gallon The density of a solid, liquid or gas is its mass per unit volume. decPoints++; One U.S. liquid gallon is equivalent to 0.86 U.S. dry gallons and 0.83 Imperial gallons. Aviation fuel weighs approximately six pounds per gallon or .721 for (j = 0; j < checkOK.length; j++) alert("Please enter a value for the \"strength\" field. The specific gravity can tell us, based on its value, if the object will sink or float in our reference substance. theForm.strength.focus(); break; Gravity works the same way in water that it works in air or a vacuum but you have to consider the force of gravity on the water as well as on the object you put into it. Responsibility disclaimer and privacy policy | About us | Our mission | Site Map, The most important scientific discoveries of 2022. Thermal Spray Processes: Combustion Wire Thermal Spray Process Combustion Powder Thermal Spray Process Arc Wire Thermal Spray Process Plasma Thermal Spray Process HVOF Thermal Spray ProcessHVAF Thermal Spray ProcessDetonation Thermal Spray Process Plasma Flame Theory if (decPoints > 1) return (false); Converter usage: How many gallons in a barrel of oil? Specific gravity is unique to every material and has a very wide range of application. TL;DR (Too Long; Didnt Read) The density of water at 4 degrees Celsius is 8. For example, the 50 Gallons($3.0048 Per Gallon) OK Petroleum. A specific gravity of 1.31 is 1.31 kilograms/liter 1 kilogram = 2.20462262184878 pound 1 liter = 0.264172051241558 gallon [US, liquid] 1.31 * specific gravity is the number in front of the density in g/cc or the like. It is itself unitless, but. density = specific gravity water = s.g. g/cc. The temperature and pressure of both the material and water need to be the same as these factors influence the density and hence the specific gravity. alert("Please enter a valid number in the \"chemlbs\" field. function downloadJSAtOnload() { There is a wide range of instruments designed to measure the specific gravity of a material. return (false); else window.onload = downloadJSAtOnload; expressed in terms in terms of SI units with special names, Thermal Spray Coatings on Carbon and Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymers, Corrosion and Use of Thermal Spray Coatings, Glossary of Thermal Spray and Surface Engineering Terms, Image Directory for Thermal Spray Coatings, Links to other interesting sites related to thermal spray and surface engineering, Calculators for Conversion between Units of Measurement, Surface Engineering Message Board Archive, Surface Engineering Message Board Archive Index. The hydrometer can be used to measure the specific gravity of any liquid. if (window.addEventListener) { allNum += ". grav. API >10 will float. The cookie is set by the GDPR Cookie Consent plugin and is used to store whether or not user has consented to the use of cookies. It has the SI unit kg m-3 or kg/m3 and is an absolute quantity. function chemvalidator (theForm) document.body.appendChild(element); Other uncategorized cookies are those that are being analyzed and have not been classified into a category as yet. if (theForm.specgrav.value.length < 1) For solids and liquids, the standard of comparison is water at 4 degrees Celsius, because water has its maximum density at this temperature. theForm.strength.focus(); { For example, the specific gravity of aluminum is 2.72, so its density is (2.72) (8.345 lbs/U.S. The gravity is how the strength of a beer is described. if (theForm.strength.value == "") "); S. gal. Chris Deziel holds a Bachelor's degree in physics and a Master's degree in Humanities, He has taught science, math and English at the university level, both in his native Canada and in Japan. Because this number is dimensionless, its valid for whatever system of units you choose. WebHow to calculate Specific Gravity using this online calculator? gal. } In more general terms specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a material to that of any standard substance, although usually this is water at 4 degrees Celsius or 39.2 degrees Fahrenheit. If you're looking for density in pounds per gallon, you need to know the density of water at 4 degrees Celsius. The specific gravity of all other materials is compared to water as a fraction heavier lighter or heavier density. break; A specific gravity of 1.31 is 1.31 kilograms/liter 1 kilogram = 2.20462262184878 pound 1 liter = 0.264172051241558 gallon [US, liquid] 1.31 * (kilogram to pound)/ (liter to gallon) = pound/gallon of water)), ,